PHP offers three different APIs to connect to MySQL. Below we show the APIs provided by the mysql, mysqli, and PDO extensions. Each code snippet creates a connection to a MySQL server running on “example.com” using the username “user” and the password “password”. And a query is run to greet the user.

Example #1 Comparing the three MySQL APIs
query(“SELECT ‘Hello, dear MySQL user!’ AS _message FROM DUAL”);
$row = $result->fetch_assoc();
echo htmlentities($row[‘_message’]);

// PDO
$pdo = new PDO(‘mysql:host=example.com;dbname=database’, ‘user’, ‘password’);
$statement = $pdo->query(“SELECT ‘Hello, dear MySQL user!’ AS _message FROM DUAL”);
$row = $statement->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
echo htmlentities($row[‘_message’]);

// mysql
$c = mysql_connect(“example.com”, “user”, “password”);
mysql_select_db(“database”);
$result = mysql_query(“SELECT ‘Hello, dear MySQL user!’ AS _message FROM DUAL”);
$row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result);
echo htmlentities($row[‘_message’]);
?>